Cement and concrete are indispensible part of our lives. Cement manufacturers always come up with lists for the various uses for it. Plaster of paris is often passed over in favour of cement. Did you know that there is a common misconception between cement and concrete? Cement is one of the ingredients that are put together with aggregates and paste. However, concrete is an indispensible part of our lives. Here are nine things we bet you did not know about concrete!
- The best material to use for road construction is concrete.
Even though it is priced higher, concrete is the best material for building roads. In the future one would be saving on the costs, however, because it will require rather low maintenance. Concrete is also eco-friendly and cost effective in this regards.
- The very first concrete high way was built in 1909.
In the US, the first concrete road was built in 1909. It was the first time the citizen experienced a smooth driving experience. The road was built somewhere in present day northwest Detroit.
- Ancient Romans used concrete as a building material.
Another discovery that was made was that in Ancient Rome, concrete was used as a building material. In fact, there are records of the Roman civil engineer Vitruvius talking about the pozzolana i.e. concrete being in four different types of black, grey, red, and white.
- High-end countertops, sinks, fireplaces, and floors are made out of concrete.
Being waterproof, concrete has become a popular choice for garden décor and outdoor furniture. In fact, while on a budget concrete is a good thing to use while doing up the interior of your house as well. The durability would make it pocket friendly.
- Enemy aircraft was detected by the British Army to detect an enemy aircraft.
Parabolic acoustic mirrors, which are commonly called, listening ears, were used during World War II to listen in on the enemy aircraft approaching.
- The only building material that is highly resistant to both water and fire is reinforced concrete.
Concrete is fire proof and water proof. When it comes into contact with flames, it does not produce toxic fumes. In fact, thanks to the slow rate of thermal conductivity or heat transfer, concrete doubles as a very effective shield against fire. Being naturally water resistant, and when added to special concrete mixes, it becomes the ideal material to use in building structures underground.
- China is home to the world’s largest concrete structure.
Three Gorges Dam on China’s Yangtze River is the world’s largest concrete structure at 185 metres high and 2,309 metres long.
- For underwater structures, reinforced concrete is the only building material used.
Highly water resistant being one of its virtues, reinforced concrete – which is basically Portland cement mixed with pozzolanic grinding – is the ideal option to be used in underwater structures.
- The compressive strength of concrete is incredibly high.
Compressive strength is the amount of force needed to break a material is measured in pounds-per-square-inch or psi. The average compressive strength for concrete ranges from 3000 to 7000 psi. However, strengths of up to 20,000 psi are possible.
Author’s Bio: Kannika Mishra walks you through nine interesting facts about concrete that you probably did not know!