Most people don’t have to worry about what happens to their wastewater. There are systems in place to take care of it without many homeowners having to think about it on their own. Wastewater treatment is the process by which physical and chemical processes are used to remove contaminants from sewage for safe disposal. There are many different ways of treating wastewater, and not all of them follow traditional residential methods. Here are a few examples of wastewater treatment systems.
Urban Wastewater Systems
Most communities have a residential sewer system that collects wastewater and sends it to a wastewater treatment plant. These facilities use sludge dewatering equipment to separate liquid from solid waste for proper disposal. Each component is treated for contaminants. The sanitized water can then be reused for other purposes.
For those living in rural areas, traditional sewer systems aren’t always an option. Homeowners can use an on-site sewage disposal system for wastewater treatment. These often consist of buried septic tanks and pipes that filter out bacteria, viruses and nutrients through sand and gravel. These systems also require either an effluent filter to trap solid waste or regular maintenance for solids removal.
Composting toilets are an option that requires little to no water and often don’t require a hookup to a sewer system. They provide a closed environment that allows wastewater treatment to occur through natural aerobic decomposition processes. Composting toilets are a good option for those who are looking for a way to minimize water usage and have access to finished compost.
Proper wastewater disposal is important to maintaining a sanitary environment. Many residential and rural areas have local regulations that allow for the appropriate treatment of wastewater. Explore the various methods of wastewater treatment to discover if a non-traditional option is right for you.